One of the new, socially dangerous hobbies of young people has become the use of hallucinogenic mushrooms. Many believe that this type of drug, being of natural origin, can not harm the body and cause addiction. But unfortunately, this is not the case: after each use and intoxication of the body, changes occur in the mediators of the brain, at first little noticeable, but tend to accumulate.
Species and Uses
There are about 190 species of hallucinogenic mushrooms, but the most common are Psilocybe and Conocybe, which grow in the climatic zones of Mexico and South America, Malaysia, and Indonesia. They are available for collection in late summer but can be harvested (dried) for future use. The mushrooms Canada containing psilocybin can also be grown at home, which makes the drug very accessible.
For the “magic mushroom” to work, it is eaten or brewed as a tea. The powder itself has a bitter, unpleasant taste, so many people add it to other dishes, while the hallucinogenic substance does not lose its properties, even after heat treatment.
The effects of psilocybin begin 30-40 minutes after consumption.
Effects on the body
After the use of the mushroom chocolate drug occurs:
- change of consciousness: the usual perception of sound, color and light changes (it may seem that moving objects have traces that walk behind them, the addict sees sounds and hears colors);
- the emergence of the illusion of lightness and the ability to fly;
- a shift in mood for the better.
These and other “miracles” drugs from the group of hallucinogens cause by affecting mediators (substances that transmit signals from cell to cell in the brain) and disrupting chemical and physiological reactions. They affect the metabolic processes in the most important substances of the human brain and affect the formation of serotonin, dopamine, and acetylcholine.
Disturbance of perception of the real world and clear thinking can last from 30 minutes to 6-8 hours, on average, the effect lasts up to an hour and a half. At the same time, the effects of hallucinogens seem amusing to the subject, but, at the same time, the person may perform far from amusing and harmless acts.
When taken regularly or in overdose, side effects occur, which are expressed as:
- nausea and vomiting;
- intestinal discomfort;
- muscle weakness;
- psychopathic personality disorder;
- feelings of chronic fatigue;
- panic attacks;
- inadequate perception of the world;
The use of this type of drug during pregnancy leads to the risk of:
- premature birth;
- placenta detachment;
- and birth defects in the baby.
You should not get addicted to “magic mushrooms” that help you relax and “take away” into another world: they can cause serious mental disorders.
Treatment, as a rule, includes 4 stages and consists of:
- Complete medical and psychological examination. At this stage, the stage of addiction and the presence of concomitant diseases are identified through comprehensive diagnostics and the collection of tests.
- Body detoxification. This stage allows the body to clear the impact of narcotic substances and restore functions of all organs and systems.
- Individual treatment. During the third stage, the addict is treated according to an individually designed program: intake of medicines, chiropractic therapy, and psychotherapy.
- Personality rehabilitation. The final stage helps to form a new lifestyle for the patient, in which there is no place for drugs.