For some other people, grammar is a inflexible construction that doesn’t exchange through the years.
They imagine that it is composed of a collection of logical laws which might be as consistent as the foundations of maths and physics, and those have a tendency to be the similar people who find themselves simply angry via any grammatical infraction, believing that it items a perversion of the language.
On the other hand, grammar isn’t inflexible, and it isn’t consistent through the years. If anything else, grammar is only a set of agreed-upon laws that vary with time.
Subsequently, what’s grammatically proper lately isn’t essentially what used to be grammatically proper 200 years in the past. What’s grammatically proper lately is what we as a society agree is proper.
What’s extra, other sub-communities inside of a selected society are liable to increase their very own distinctive grammatical laws which might be distinct from the ones of the remainder of the network, and we will be able to’t name those other laws flawed.
They’re respectable throughout the sub-community in query and must be handled as such.
One transparent case the place a sub-community advanced their very own unique grammatical laws and linguistic taste will also be observed in how the African American network in america talk and communicate with one every other.
They’ve a singular shape of English, dubbed as Ebonics via some linguistic students, and this English has a tendency to have a couple of grammatical laws that may baffle any person overseas to that network.
However, there’s no explanation why to imagine “Ebonics” ungrammatical.
To peer what I’m speaking about in motion, let’s take a look at a unmarried word and dissect it totally.
Let’s take a look at “we been knew.”
What’s the meaning of “we been knew”?
“We been knew” implies that “we already knew one thing” or that “one thing used to be actually obtrusive from the outset.” It may also be otherwise of pronouncing “duh” or “I advised you so.”
Here’s a pattern dialog to display you the expression in motion.
Individual #1: I used to be actually stunned to be informed that they have been again in combination.
Individual #2: You have been stunned? We been knew all the time that they’d get again in combination.
A better take a look at the expression “we been knew”
In case you are unfamiliar with Ebonics, this expression will have to strike you as ordinary. In the end, if we damage it down, there are a number of problems that we’d imagine as grammatical infractions via non-Ebonics requirements.
“We been knew” is composed of 3 phrases. You’ve got the pronoun “we” that acts as the topic of the expression.
Then, you’ve “been,” which is the previous participle of the verb “to be.” After all, there’s “knew,” the previous easy shape of the verb “to know.”
Now, the primary “grammatical issue” is that any previous participle is normally preceded via an auxiliary verb. As an example, you are saying, “I’ve been to the Grocery store” fairly than “I been to the grocery store.”
On the other hand, there’s no auxiliary verb that precedes “been.”
In reality, an issue may well be made that “been” this is the auxiliary verb main up to the verb “know.”
The 2nd “grammatical issue” is that “knew” is difficult to grapple with.
At the one hand, if you wish to have “knew” to stay prior to now easy demanding, you don’t want the verb “been” within the first position and will get via with out it.
In the end, “we knew” is a superbly positive sentence.
Alternatively, if you wish to have “know” to be preceded via an auxiliary verb, then you wish to have to position it prior to now participle demanding. You’ll both say, “we now have recognized” or “it used to be recognized.”
But, when all is alleged and completed, now not most effective is “we been knew” a legitimate commentary, but it surely additionally adheres to grammatical laws that make it understandable to African American citizens.
How to use “we been knew”
This expression calls for no inflection. And, it in truth by no means makes use of the auxiliary verb “have” seeing as it isn’t in any best possible demanding, regardless of the utilization of the previous participle.
However, to actually comprehend it, we want to perceive how Ebonics makes use of “been.”
”Been” in Ebonics, sometimes called the stressed out BIN
In Ebonics, “Been” is pronounced as BIN, and is the reason why it’s dubbed as stressed out BIN.
“Been” may be used to display that one thing both took place an extended whilst in the past, “we been knew,” or has been taking place for a very long time, “we been learning.”
Listed here are every other few examples with “been.”
The above sentence implies that the speaker has got to work at the undertaking a very long time in the past.
Right here, the speaker is letting us know that he has been doing trade with a bunch of other people for an extended whilst and remains to be in trade with them.
On this 3rd instance, we’re advised that the individual in query is these days on the manufacturing facility and has been for some time.
The distinction between Ebonics “been” and Same old American English “been”
Whilst the 2 might appear relatively identical, Ebonics “been” and Same old American English “been” don’t seem to be all the time interchangeable.
As an example, within the ultimate instance discussed above, lets rewrite it as follows.
The easy addition of the auxiliary verb “has” grew to become the above instance from African American English to Same old American English.
On the other hand, within the following examples, there’s no simple method to exchange one “been” for every other.
The matter is letting us know that they’d realized the lesson some time again.
On the other hand, we will be able to’t flip this sentence into Same old American English with out morphing it slightly. We will’t say the next.
I’ve been gotten the lesson.
I’ve been understood the lesson.
To make it understandable in Same old American English, we now have to take away “been.”
I’ve gotten the lesson.
I’ve understood the lesson.
So, how does Ebonics “been” paintings?
Ebonics “been,” which we can refer now to as simply “been” to make lifestyles more uncomplicated, is regarded as as an necessary stressed out faraway best possible marker in accordance to Harris (2013).
”Been” can be utilized with nouns
Dayton (1996) classifies “been” as a faraway stative, because of this that this can be a verb that presentations a state of being fairly than a particular motion.
The above sentence is telling us that the topic is these days a basket participant and has been so for some time.
”Been” can be utilized with verbs
“Been” will also be adopted via differing kinds of verbs.
Whether it is adopted via the revolutionary shape of the verb, then this presentations that the motion that began prior to now remains to be occurring now.
Which means we now have been studying within the library for some time and are nonetheless doing so.
If “been” is adopted via the very best shape of the verb, then this means that the motion used to be completed a very long time in the past prior to now.
The instance this is pronouncing that we heard the scoop some time again.
Now, you may well be asking of yourself, “what about “we been knew””?
Smartly, you spot, in African American English, each the previous demanding shape of the verb and the very best demanding shape of the similar verb have a tendency to be one and the similar.
Ergo, what we imagine because the previous demanding shape in Same old American English is regarded as each the previous and previous best possible shape in Ebonics.