One of the grueling choices to make in writing is expounded to punctuations, particularly commas.
Despite the fact that phrase selection and sentence development are already devious trickeries, comma-decisions might additional crucify local and non-native writers alike.
What else complicates writing?
Adverbs, in fact. Particularly the ones with more than one personalities.
This publish’s purpose is to deal with comma-related choices with an adverb of center of attention having an idiomatic serve as — specifically.
Do we want a comma before or after “specifically”?
Commas are necessarily wanted before specifically when using it as a parenthetical part.
A comma could also be important after it when used as an introductory word to an entire sentence or a secondary clause.
Two commas are positioned, before and after specifically, when it’s parenthetically inserted mid-sentence.
On the other hand, in enhancing adjoining nouns and noun words, commas are inessential both before or after specifically.
Comma before “specifically”
Concept-insertion in reference to an implicated concept inside of a sentence is referred to as parenthesis or parenthetical speech parts.
Those expressions permit the author to supply additional clarifying information about a clause or sentence fragments.
Parentheticals, on the other hand, are grammatically inessential however stylistically emphatic.
3.1 The use of specifically as a parenthetical component
A comma is at all times important before a parenthetical expression that begins with specifically.
The use of specifically as a unmarried parenthetical expression could also be conceivable and commas are wanted each before and after it.
Comma after “specifically”
Specifically could also be utilized in introducing a clause too, or as an creation to a 2nd unbiased clause.
When this occurs, it purposes as an adverbial connector, nonetheless having the aim of specifying knowledge inside the clause.
Specifically as an adverbial connector
Adverbial connectors or conjunctive adverbs function cohesive gadgets in logically combining ideas or concepts.
Specifically might seem as a conjunctive adverb in entrance of a sentence that calls for a comma placement following it.
Because it modifies the entire sentence, we might also refer to it as a sentential adverb on this means.
(Implication: I’ve a number of neighbors however the only dwelling at the left facet has been repeatedly enjoying loud song all over the week.)
Or, it will also be positioned as a 2nd unbiased clause introductory word separated by means of a semicolon.
(Implication: She is a continuing traveler and she or he loves going to the Caribbean islands in summer season, now not in Oceania nor Southeast Asia.)
Specifically as a parenthetical
As parenthetical expressions want the encapsulation of commas to unmarried out the guidelines from the remainder of the sentence, a comma could also be important when specifically seems because the ultimate word within the parenthesis.
To recall an earlier-mentioned element, a comma is, once more, additionally positioned after specifically when used as a single-expression parenthetical.
When is a comma now not important before or after specifically?
Specifically is an idiomatic word that syntactically purposes as an adverb in a sentence.
Extra particularly, that is often referred to as an adverb of center of attention particularizer which is helping in figuring out a particular factor, particular person, or thought inside the speech.
The use of specifically in statements
Being an adverb with a particularizing serve as, the enhancing skill of specifically specifically applies to adjoining nouns and noun words.
When it’s used to intensify nominal gadgets, a comma can be superfluous and would create choppiness or needless breakouts; thus, it’s neither clipped before or after.
In declarative sentences, particularizers are ceaselessly preceded by means of the noun or noun words it objectives to determine.
(Implication: Sacha Baron Cohen has a number of different motion pictures with political satires however the ultimate one, as consistent with the author, has the richest scenes.)
(Implication: In comparison with different current stores, Store X has been the least acting retailer since a decade in the past.)
The use of specifically in questions
We might also ask for a particular reaction from some other interlocutor the usage of specifically in each oral and written speech.
This kind of utterance nonetheless happens with the similar objective, to steered a particular reaction from a reader or listener in keeping with a somewhat basic query.
(Implication: I already know that you just like espresso, however I need to know which espresso emblem is your favourite.)
(Implication: I need to know what explicit trait made you finish the connection along with your ex-husband.)
Specifically vs. specifically
Despite the fact that having the similar intent which is to carry out a particular sentence fragment or unit, grammatical distinction exists between the 2 expressions above.
Even supposing each expressions might adverbially serve as in a sentence, one is much less versatile than the opposite.
Specifically has the power to alter verbs, adjectives, and different adverbs; while, we can not use specifically as a right away change to specifically.
Additionally, a distinction in each and every expression’s lexical meaning will also be noticed.
Whilst specifically denotes the meaning “in difference from different linked parts”, specifically counsel the denotation of “intimately” or “to a better stage than standard”.
The following sentences make use of specifically enhancing a verb, an adjective, and some other adverb.
Verb: He specifically is going for a jog within the park on Sundays.
Adjective: This bag is especially heavy.
Adverb: We consult with our grandparents specifically each Thanksgiving.
Sadly, coping with adverbs and punctuations may also be nevertheless complicated, but when we take the effort and time to perceive their utilization intimately, they may be able to change into extremely efficient writing guns.
To sum the essence of the above dialogue, we usually punctuate specifically with commas basically for stylistic functions; on the other hand, it’s only grammatically spark off with a comma when used as an adverbial connector in the beginning of a clause.
The use of each environment friendly and inventive writing methods, albeit tasking and perplexing, implies linguistic literacy and competency that can’t be stolen away by means of any one.
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